Things to do in Fez, Morocco
Fez, is located in the north-eastern of Morocco. It was the capital of Morocco since its creation in 789 until 1069 and now, it is considered as the cultural capital of the kingdom. As a tourist, you will appease your thirst for discovery of many monuments well preserved and museums. Carved cedar panels and delicate mosaics decorate Medina houses and religious schools dating back to the 14th century.
Fez, with the oldest medina in the world, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site honored in 1980.
Fez El bali Quarter
It is an old quarter of the city founded in 809 by the Idriss dynasty. Fez El Bali, the name worn by the medina, has almost 10,000 lanes, each smaller than the other. When you are there, it is easy to get lost to be guided by the beauty of the monuments, agitations of the trade and noises, as well as by tanners and dyers smells.
While browsing it, you will also discover Al Quarawiyyin mosque and the Andalusian mosque.
Al Quarawiyyin mosque
Al Quarawiyyin Mosque is one of the oldest in the Muslim world and the first university in the world. Famous scholars like Ibn Al Khatib, Ibn Khaldun and Averroes (Ibn Rushd), have frequented this univeristy. As one of the main spiritual and intellectual center of Islam, the mosque name came from the neighborhood, Kairouan refugees. It houses the headquarters of the Muslim University of Fez. Fatima bent Mohamed el-Fihri, a devout woman from Kairouan, is the first founder in 859 of the Al Quarawiyyin Mosque. In 933, this sanctuary was transformed into a mosque and in 956 the zenetes enlaged it. Then, a library, rooms of seclusion, ablution rooms were added to the building under the reign of the Almohades, Marinides, Saadians and Alaouites.
Due to the massive invasion of the Spanish population in Morocco, the Andalusian influence in the kingdom began in the 9th century. Arrived in the north of Morocco and especially Fez, Andalusians have gradually imposed their way of life and culture. Then, the Andalusian district in Fez is born. Today, it is possible to note the shock of culture around two unavoidable sites : Andalusian mosque and the Es-Sahrij madrasa, the muslim theological university.
El jedid Fez District
We can define the district of Fes El Jedid like “A city in the city” built during the 13th century to revive the city and contain the growing population. During Marinid dynasty, this district became the residence of the princes. Today, to enjoy all the charms of this cultural and historical district, you can spend half a day having a beautiful walk there.
Places to see in the neighborhood :
- Jewish Quarter ( Mellah );
- Alawites Place;
- Royal Gardens and the Royal Palace named Dar El-Makhzen including a mosque and a madrasa ( a meeting place for students ).
Picture bellow, show a Royal Palace gate :
Bab Bou jeloud
Located inside the medina, in Bab Bou jeloud district entry, you find an immense decorated door of 1913. Also, visitors can go to dar Batah museum, gathering the Arts and traditions of the city. The latter took place in the palace of the same name and erected during the 19th century.
The middle of 14th century, Marinid dynasty, built the Koranic School Bou Inania with an architecture full of various ornaments. Finally, you can stroll along the Talaa Kebira Avenue, one of the longest in Fez city, dotted with shopping.
Bab in arabic means a door/gate.
A part from being a true spiritual and cultural heart of the Morocco, Fez city is known by leather. To access tanners souk, Chouara district, you take the Mechatine street which will take you a little away from the center of the Medina. The tanneries of Fez like those of Marrakech, have not changed since the medieval time of Morocco. When you access this area with a strong smells, you will immediately find yourself in the heart of the craft by discovering skins transported by donkeys to dry in the sun and a series of multicolored ponds.
In the tannery district, most leatherworkers have a terrace allowing them to observe the wells made of dried earthenware and tiles where they make the tanning and the tapestry of the skins. Tannery district is like a show of sunny colors. While visiting this area, you will discover the process of making babouches, bags, wallet and other Moroccan picturesque souvenirs made thanks to the old know-how of a craftsmen.
Al Attarine Madrasa
Al Attarine Madrasa that takes its name from the neighborhood where it is located (Al Attarine, the spice sellers). The Marinid Abu Said Othman is the founder of this school between 1323 and 1325. Al Attarine Madrasa is a real jewel of Moroccan-andalous architecture with decoration from the ground to the open roof. The vestibule of Madrasa leads to a rectangular courtyard lined with two side galleries. At the bottom, a monumental door connects it to the oratory. Two small doors in the entrance hall lead to one at the latrine, the other to the staircase upstairs.
North Borj ( Fort )
Inspired by the architecture of Portuguese fortresses of the 16th century, it was one of the largest surveillance posts in the city. Nowadays, North Borj houses the Museum of weapons dating back to prehistoric times to the present. Around North Borj, offering a breathtaking view of the old city, there is a place of prayer for Eid ( celebration ).
As visitor of Fez, your eyes will immediately turn to the various doors that makeup walls. First to the south, southern fort ( Borj-sud ), offers a beautiful panoramic view once you reach its terrace. Then, near the Msallah mosque, you can walk around the potters quarter named Ain-Nokbi to discover the craftsmanship place. Through the city, visitors will linger in the marinid tombs, enclosing the bodies of the rulers of this dynasty. In the north of Fez fortifications, you can visit the Museum of weapons exposing swords and firearms of Middle Ages. Walking along city walls, you can discover its architecture, traditions and the remains of its history.
How can I get to Fez ?
Fez is served by trains, buses, taxis and to get there, several solutions are available. You can go to Fez by train from :
In case you prefer bus, CTM and Supratour are best bus companies in Morocco and the most expensive. So, if you take CTM bus from :
- Marrakech : Count between 6h45 and 9h;
- Casablanca : Count between 4h45 and 5h10;
- Chefchaouen : Count almost 4h by Supratour bus ( Supratour depends on trains national company ONCF ).